Reporter's notebook: Remembering the Mumbai terror attack
By Mallika Kapur, CNN
updated 4:20 AM EST, Tue November 26, 2013
Editor's note: Mallika Kapur is CNN's Mumbai-based international correspondent who covered the 2008 terrorist attacks.
(CNN) -- It's hard to believe it's been five years since Mumbai was rocked by terror attacks. Life goes on, the city continues its chaotic beat. The next news story replaces the last one, the cycle of life goes on.
The date 26/11 is now a somber anniversary the city marks. But for many, it's something much more personal. The newspapers here today are full of pictures of smiling couples and entire families who lost their lives during the attacks. They accompany messages of remembrance in ads placed their by surviving family members who miss them and grieve for them. (read more)
India's 60 million women that never were 60 million women - that's nearly the entire population of the United Kingdom - are missing in India. Why? By Sunny Hundal 8 August 2013
It has been nearly seven months since a young student was gang-raped in the New Delhi, India, and died from her horrific injuries 13 days later on December 29, 2012. The fast-track trial of the accused men has just re-started and the sentence is due any day now.
When thousands of Indians took to the streets to protest the inability of the establishment to protect women, they demanded not just a change in the law but in people's attitudes. But the watershed moment that many Indians hoped for doesn't seem to have arrived. And that may be because most Indians don't even recognise the extent of the problem in their own country. (read more)
PLEASE SUPPORT THE INDIAN LAND RIGHT REFORM / MERCI DE SOUTENIR LA REFORME FONCIERE INDIENNE By Ekta Europe 02 April 2013
On October 11th 2012, the Indian people's movement Jan Satyagraha (Sanskrit meaning "peaceful soul force"), secured far-reaching promises from the Indian government for desperately needed land reform to help the poor and marginalised, but only after 50 000 people had marched towards Delhi. They now stand on the cusp of making those promises come to life. (read more)
Do not politicise incidents involving Kashmiris: Omar Abdullah By PTI for Times of India 03 April 2013
JAMMU: Lashing out at those giving political colour to every incident involving Kashmiris, chief minister Omar Abdullah on Wednesday said it creates a negative impact on the mindset of the people. "There are people here who want to give political colour to everything. In Hyderabad a boy (Mudassir Kamran) commits suicide on personal reasons and in Kashmir it is tried to be analysed in a different way. As if he was murdered", Omar said. Kamran, a Kashmiri student, was found hanging from the ceiling of his hostel room in Hyderabad last month. (read more)
India police: New Delhi terror plot foiled By The Associated Press 22 March 2013
NEW DELHI Police said Friday that they foiled a terror attack by a Kashmiri rebel group that was planning to target India's capital during celebrations of a major Hindu festival next week.
The arrest this week of a suspected agent from Kashmir's biggest rebel group, Hizb-ul Mujahedeen, led authorities to a hotel in Delhi's old quarter, where an assault rifle, several grenades and plastic explosives were discovered, said S. N. Srivastava, a senior Delhi police official. (read more)
India pledged to push for a “strong” resolution against Sri Lanka in the ongoing United Nations Human Rights Council that would demand its neighbour investigate alleged war crimes. – AFP Photo
India toughens stand on Sri Lanka war crimes probe AFP 20 March 2013
NEW DELHI: India promised Wednesday to push for a “strong” UN resolution urging Sri Lanka to investigate alleged war crimes, a day after the issue caused a split in the ruling coalition.
The United States is drafting a resolution against Sri Lanka at the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva which is expected to be voted on Thursday and is bound to anger Colombo. (read more)
UN Sri Lanka vote threatens India’s government By AFP 19 March 2013
NEW DELHI: A dispute over a United Nations resolution on the bloody end to Sri Lanka’s civil war with ethnic Tamil rebels is threatening the stability of India’s already shaky coalition government. (read more)
Allegations of War Crimes in Sri Lanka Shake Indian Government By Sruthi Gottipati and Hari Kumar, India Ink in: New York Times 19 March 2013
NEW DELHI – The Congress Party faced a new crisis on Tuesday after a southern political party threatened to withdraw from the governing coalition if India did not join an international push to investigate alleged war crimes in Sri Lanka.
The possible pullout would leave the beleaguered United Progressive Alliance still in control of the Indian government, but it marks the latest case of arm-twisting by fractious government allies ahead of national elections scheduled for next year. (read more)
Tamil activists and supporters of the DMK at a protest against Sri Lanka’s alleged wartime abuses in Chennai, March. Photo by Arun Sankar K
Credit: BBC News
Genocide Watch: India By Genocide Watch 3 May 2012
In India, all the global religions are represented: Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism. Besides religious diversity, there are also indigenous regional tribes recognized under the Constitution. India is thus an extremely diverse country, but because of its pervasive caste system, the nation struggles with polarization based upon religious, regional, caste and economic background.
In August 1947, British India became independent. Colonial India was partitioned into two independent countries according to religious demography, namely the Republic of India and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Pakistan was composed of two territories a thousand miles apart, divided by Indian territory, with different ethnicities and languages. This partition led to continuous tensions between India and Pakistan. It resulted in the displacement of 12.5 million people, the greatest migration in history. Muslims migrated to either West or East Pakistan. Hindus fled from Pakistan into India. Genocidal massacres by organized mobs of Muslims and Hindus went unpunished by the departing British authorities. During this migration, communal violence resulted in approximately one million Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs being slaughtered.
After West Pakistan inflicted genocide upon East Pakistan in 1971, costing up to three million lives, East Pakistan declared independence as the People's Republic of Bangladesh. Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India. They were afraid of being discriminated against by Muslims in Bangladesh.
Serious political tensions between India and Pakistan remain, especially regarding the Kashmir region. India controls the central and southern part of the former Kashmir state, namely the Kashmir, Jammu and Ladakh regions. The majority of the people living in these regions are Muslim. The Kashmir and Jammu state enjoys a particular statute under the Indian Constitution, but since 1990 control by the Indian security forces has tightened. The result is increased government repression in the Kashmir regions governed by India. Thousands of Kashmiris have been forcibly disappeared and mass graves with 2,730 bodies were discovered in 2011.
India is plagued by religious and regional tensions. In 2002, hundreds of Muslims and Hindus were killed in interreligious violence in the state of Gujarat. Many thousands more fled their homes. Dozens of worship places and houses were destroyed. Some government officials were involved in the riots as they purposely refused to intervene and stop the killings, and even supplied weapons and planned attacks by Hindu mobs. Even children were killed brutally. Gujarat authorities, including Chief Minister Modi, obstructed justice and refused to pursue perpetrators. Recently, however, an Indian Parliamentary Commission has laid blame squarely at the feet of Modi, and several Hindus were convicted for killing Muslims during these riots. Genocide Watch calls for the arrest and prosecution of Modi and others who participated in the Gujarat massacres.
Since the outburst of violence in Gujarat, tensions between Hindus and Muslims have remained. In general Muslims are economically disadvantaged in comparison with Hindus. Hindu police are brutal towards Muslims in many places, especially in Kashmir. Muslim terrorists from Pakistan most recently attacked Mumbai on November 26, 2008.
Besides religious polarization, there are also tensions due to the system of social stratification in India. Notwithstanding major improvements for so-called "untouchables", due to affirmative action authorized by the Indian Constitution, the Indian caste system is still pervasive in social life. The groups belonging to the lowest castes remain socially disadvantaged, although some members climb the social ladder through entry into the professions and the modernizing economy. There are groups claiming to fight for the rights of these lower castes and tribes, such as the Maoist insurgents or Naxalites. In practice, however, the Naxalites kidnap tourists, engage in corruption and kill and extort money from civilians and government officials.
Because of its religious, caste and economic polarization, India is at stage 5 of Genocide Watch's 8 stages: polarization.